Das DNA-Profil von Mikołaj Radziwiłł Rudy
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The DNA of a Grand Chancellor of Lithuania
Mikołaj Radziwiłł Rudy, familiar and German name "Nicholas the Red Radziwill", was a defining figure of Lithuanian history and of the old noble Radziwiłł family. Born on August 2, 1512, he played a crucial role in the political scene of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the entire Polish-Lithuanian Noble Republic in the 16th century.
Rudy was the third of five children of Jerzy Radziwiłł and Barbara Kolanka. He was a haplographic great-grandson of Radvila Astikas, one of the founding members of the Radziwiłł family. His three brothers, Jan, Mikolaj the Black and Stanisław, played equally important roles in the politics of the Grand Duchy and were recognized for their contributions to the development of the state and the Radziwiłł family.
Mikołaj Radziwiłł Rudy was a highly educated and intellectual nobleman known for his political skills and diplomatic ability. He served as governor of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and as palatine of Vilnius. He was a loyal supporter of King Sigismund II. Augustus, the last sovereign king of Poland and grand duke of Lithuania.
Rudy also served as interim regent and played a crucial role in the Union of Lublin in 1569, merging the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into the Polish-Lithuanian Noble Republic. This union, which lasted until 1795, brought Poland and Lithuania under a common monarchy and a united government, creating one of the largest and one of the most populous states in Europe.
Given his haplographic lineage, Mikołaj Radziwiłł Rudy was a direct male descendant of Y-chromosomal haplogroup R1a. This haplogroup is widespread in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and South Asia and represents a distinct line of male descent. The identification of Mikołaj Radziwiłł Rudy as a member of haplogroup R1a provides an interesting link between genetic and genealogical history and points to possible migration and population dynamics that shaped medieval Lithuania.
By serving his country and ensuring that Lithuania flourished despite its turbulent and often uncertain times, Mikołaj Radziwiłł Rudy left an unforgettable mark on the history of the country and the Radziwiłł family. He died on May 28, 1584 and was buried in Vilnius Cathedral, where he rests to this day.
His descendants carried on both the rich legacy of the Radziwiłł family and the political legacy of the Polish-Lithuanian nobility. Mikołaj Radziwiłł Rudy's legacy reflects his commitment to his homeland, his family, and his faithful devotion to duty, making him a fascinating historical figure.
Ultimately, Mikołaj Radziwiłł Rudy is considered by historians and genealogists alike to be a central figure in Lithuanian history and the Radziwiłł family. His influence on 16th century politics and his role in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Polish-Lithuanian Noble Republic helped to leave a lasting mark on the face of this part of Europe. His genealogy and membership in haplogroup R1a add another dimension to his personality and historical background and represent a fascinating aspect of Lithuanian and European history.
Mikołaj Radziwiłł Rudy belonged to haplogroup R-M417 in the paternal line.
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Questions and answers about the DNA test
After we have received the samples it normally takes 6-8 weeks for the fist results. Depending on the chosen test the result is thus already fully ready or further analysis are done.
If you order and pay for a test set for somebody else online, the address of the other person under “Comments”. We will then send the collection kit to the address of this person. You can also place your order by phone or e-mail.
This is how the DNA origin analysis works
A Mucus Sample suffices to get a sample of your DNA. Taking the sample is simple and painless and can be done at home. Send the samples with the envelop included in the sampling kit.