The DNA profile of King Béla III.
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The DNA of King Béla III.
King Béla III was born around 1148 and died in 1196. He ruled Hungary from 1172 to 1196 and ruled Croatia from 1180 to 1196. Famous as one of the most powerful rulers of Central and Eastern Europe in his time, King Béla III was also an important patron of the arts and sciences.
Béla was the son of King Géza II and his wife Euphrosyne of Kiev. Before ascending the Hungarian throne, he spent years at the court of Byzantine Emperor Manuel I, who designated him heir to the throne, a decision that was later revised. During his time at the Byzantine court, Béla adopted the name Alexios and married Maria Komnene, the emperor's eldest daughter, thus joining the powerful Komnene family. After the death of his father and older brother, King Stephen III, Béla returned to Hungary and was crowned king.
During his reign, Béla carried out important reforms in Hungary. He modernized the administration and strengthened the central power. He introduced a unified monetary system and a standing army. In economy and culture, Béla leaned heavily on the Byzantine tradition. He founded many monasteries and schools and promoted the spread of arts and sciences. His court was considered one of the most brilliant in Europe.
King Béla III had two wives, Mary Comnene and Agnes of Antioch, and numerous children. His son Emmerich succeeded him as king of Hungary and Croatia, while his daughter Margaret became queen of France and his other daughters were married to various European nobles.
Today, Béla III is known among scholars and historians for the advances in state, religion, culture, and science that he preserved, as well as for strengthening Hungarian power in Europe.
From the perspective of genetics and genealogy, which are the newest part of research, it is noteworthy to note that according to recent DNA tests it was determined that King Béla III belongs to the paternal haplogroup R-Z2123, which is part of the widespread haplogenetic project R1a. Haplogroup R-Z2123 is widespread throughout Eurasia and is common in the present-day Hungarian population, indicating that Béla III probably had direct male descendants living to this day.
The finding of this haplogroup has significance for Hungarian history, as it shows the genetic links between the rulers of that time and the present-day Hungarian population. Thus, Béla III plays a role not only in the historical-political development of the country, but also in the genetic history of Hungary.
Overall, King Béla III remains a key figure in the history of Hungary, whose reign shaped the country and laid the foundation for the state as we know Hungary today.
King Béla III belonged to the haplogroup R-M417 in the paternal line.
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Questions and answers about the DNA test
After we have received the samples it normally takes 6-8 weeks for the fist results. Depending on the chosen test the result is thus already fully ready or further analysis are done.
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This is how the DNA origin analysis works
A Mucus Sample suffices to get a sample of your DNA. Taking the sample is simple and painless and can be done at home. Send the samples with the envelop included in the sampling kit.