Ancient tribe Etruscans
The language of the Etruscans is not Indo-Germanic and before its disappearance as a spoken language it left clear traces in Latin.
According to some scholars, the immigrants who arrived in Italy during the 11th and 10th centuries B.C. were probably a group from the Asia Minor-Aegean area, who, although not very numerous, were bearers of a highly developed urban culture. In any case, the archaeological legacy of Etruria in the late 9th and early 8th century B.C. shows revolutionary changes (Villanova culture). As the Etruscan cultural heritage is based on the foundation of this culture, the people of Villanova can rightly be identified as Proto-Etruscans. The Etruscans as the historical people are the result of an ethnic-cultural transformation process, which began with the Proto-Etruscan or Villanova culture and from whose continuous development the Etruscan civilisation flourished. In Etruria an equivalent fusion took place, the final result of which was a real cultural amalgam with both Italian and Proto-Etruscan elements.
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The political power of the Etruscans emanated from local city-states, which joined together to form a federation. The city of Rome also belonged to the sphere of power of the rulers of Tarquinii. Rome was ruled by kings from the house of Tarquinii.
The Etruscans waged numerous wars with the Greeks of the south and with their Italian neighbours. After the defeat of Capua (424 B.C.) the Etruscan League of Cities dissolved. Between 396 and 264 BC the Romans conquered one Etruscan city after the other. Afterwards, the long process of acculturation of the Etruscan population began. After a few generations, the Etruscans adopted Roman ways of life and later also changed their language to Latin. Only in some ritual functions Etruscan apparently managed to survive for a long time.
It is assumed that the genetic material of the Etruscans - as a genetic substrate, so to speak - is still concentrated in Tuscany and here again in a specific place, in Murlo. But one would not therefore speak of the Etruscan people still being alive today.
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